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Què és el Català? What is Catalan?

Catalan Countries is a modern term to describe the lands where Catalan is the original language. Catalan is a romance language spoken by 7-9 million people. The Catalan Countries were part of  the Aragon Crown, which in the 15th century included the Principality of Catalonia, the Kingdom of Majorca and the rest of the Balearic Islands, the Kingdoms of Valencia, Aragon and Naples, the islands of Sicily and Sardinia, and the Greek dukedoms of Athens and Neopatria.

Unlike most people believe, the marriage of the King Ferdinand II of Aragon and the Queen Isabella of Castile in 1479 (the Catholic Monarchs) did not unified all these kingdoms (as an example, after Isabella's death, Ferdinand was expelled from Castile.) In the 18th century, the remains of the Aragon Crown were military invaded by Castile (with the help of the French) and incorporated into Spain, abolishing its government institutions and laws, prohibiting public use of Catalan language for the first time with the Decret de Nova Planta (New Regime Decree); this decree has never been formally abolished.The Catalan Countries include Catalonia, Valencian Country, Balearic Islands, Andorra, a strip in east Aragon, North Catalonia (today part of France), and the Sardinian city of Alghero. In Catalan we call it Països Catalans, abbreviated as PPCC.

Catalan Countries at Wikipedia


CATALAN HISTORY LINKS
star_001 History of Catalonia from the Government website
star_001 Personal webpage about the Catalan Culture
star_001 Key dates in Catalan History
star_001 Catalonia, a land of reference
star_001 Catalan language, general overview
star_001 Catalan History from Wikipedia
star_001 Catalan language from Wikipedia
star_001 Catalan History from Ramon Llull Institut
star_001 A thousand years of Catalan History-article UNESCO

 

CATALAN LANGUAGE LINKS

star_001 Website of the Official Catalan teacher at the York University in Toronto
star_001 Catalan, a European Language
star_001 Learn Catalan online
star_001 A University Phrase Book
star_001 Institut Ramon Llull (Official Catalan culture promotion institute)
star_001 InterCat, your first words in Catalan
star_001 Catalan for travellers
star_001 A l'abast, basic communication in Catalan
star_001 Let's start to speak Catalan!

star_001Living in Catalunya, image vocabulary

star_001 Verb forms in Catalan
star_001 Catalan verbs (audio)
star_001 Multilingual Catalan language Dictionary
star_001 The alternative Catalan dictionary
star_001 Catalan tongue twisters

 

CULTURE LINKS

star_001 Catalan Theatre Worldwide
star_001 National Theatre of Catalunya (in Catalan/English under construction)
star_001 Catalan Films + TV
star_001 Catalan Public Television-Televisió de Catalunya
star_001 Catalan Radio- Catalunya Ràdio
star_001 Catalan Design- Foment de les Arts Decoratives
star_001 Catalan Music from Wikipedia
star_001 Catalan Visual artists association (in Catalan)
star_001 Catalan Architecture Association
star_001 Catalan Architecture from Wikipedia
star_001 Architecture in Barcelona
star_001 Culture in Barcelona

star_001 What is a Castell? (Human Towers)

 

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